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Northern Reef Trend Fact Sheet: Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Project

Company/Alliance: Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP), DTE Energy, Core Energy and Batelle

Location: Oilfield in Michigan's Northern Reef Trend, Michigan Basin, Michigan, USA

Start Date: July 2013

Size: 1'000 tons/ day. Total injection of up to 500'000 tons.

CO2 Source: Core Energy's Antrim Shale gas processing plant

CO2 Transport: 15 mile pipeline

Storage: Depleated oilfield in the Northern Reef Trend (carbonate reservoir).


Total project cost $114.88 million. DOE share $89.27 million (78%).


The regional partnership is injecting the CO2 into an oilfield located within Michigan's Northern Reef Trend, a series of highly-compartmentalized fields about 6,000 feet below the surface that were once ancient coral reefs. The depleted oilfield is owned by Core Energy, LLC.

The group is using pre-existing EOR infrastructure in the region to pipe the CO2 10 miles from the capture site to the oilfield. They will be injecting up to 500,000 metric tons of CO2 into the oilfield, which has undergone EOR in recent years and is nearing the end of its productive life. Core Energy is conducting additional EOR projects in the region, which MRCSP will be monitoring as well. The MRCSP partnership plans on injecting and monitoring at least one million metric tons of CO2 over the next three to five years.

The Phase 3 project was originally planned to be TAME, in Greenville Ohio. Battelle announced August 19 2009 that due to business considerations, Greenville, Ohio was no longer being considered as a possible location for the MRCSP phase 3 program.

Injection started in April 2013, but in July 2013 the MRCSP started monitoring and tracking the injected CO2 injected, quantifying how much is retained in the formation after the oil is removed.

In March 2015, 324,163 metric tons had been stored. Injection is under a UIC Class II permit.

In December 31, 2015 462,836 metric tons had been stored.

Project Link: Batelle Press release: MRCSP Begins Field Test in Northern Reef (September 2013)

Other Sources and Press Releases:
2015 SECARB stakeholders meeting (March 2015)
MRCSP extends scientific development work to Otsego County MI (June 2010)
Greenville Ohio no longer being considered for MRCSP Phase III
(August 2009)
Otsego County Fact sheet for phase 2 field validation test [PDF] (September 2008)
Battelle presentation: MRCSP Otsego County Site [PDF] (October 2006)
Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership — Development Phase Large-Scale Field Project
MRCSP Partnership website