Company/Alliance: FutureGen Alliance, US Department of Energy, State of Illinois, Ameren Energy Resources, Babcock&Wilcox, American Air Liquide
Location: Unit 4 at Ameren's power plant in Meredosia, Illinois, USA
Size: 200 MW (1.1 Mt/yr) Retrofit
Capture Technology: Oxy-combustion (98% capture)
CO2 Fate: 30 mile onshore pipline to sequestration in deep saline aquifers in Morgan County, IL.
Timing: Construction starts (2014); Operation (2017)
Secretary Chu announced on August 5, 2010 a $1 billion award for FutureGen from the Recovery Act. This money was formally committed on September 28, 2010. The project is coordinated by the FutureGen Industrial Alliance, a non-profit group who represents the power and coal industries.
Total cost of the project is estimated to be $1.65 billion.
FutureGen was awarded the first ever EPA Class VI well injection permit on April 1, 2014. The FutureGen project was awarded 4 draft well permits, which means that they are not finalized and still pending the final decision of the EPA, but it means that the FutureGen Alliance can proceed with project development.
FutureGen 2.0 is an oxyfuel retrofit of a recently idled facility in Illinois. The power plant's unit 4 steam turbine of in excellent condition and the Alliance is currently maintaing the plant in retrofit-ready condition. It is expected that the plant's new boiler, air separation unit, CO2 purification and compression unit would deliver 90% CO2 capture and eliminate most SOx, NOx, mercury and particulate emissions.
Following the successful completion of the first phase, in February 2013, the Energy Department announced the beginning of Phase II of the project development with a new cooperative agreement between the FutureGen Industrial Alliance and the Department of Energy. This means that the the FutureGen project has government support as it moves into the phase III phase: deployment of the project.
The FutureGen Alliance has selected Morgan County, Illinois as the preferred location for the FutureGen 2.0 CO2 storage site (February 2011). An underground pipeline is planned to carry the CO2 about 30 miles to the injection site in deep saline aquifers.
In December 2012, the Illinois Commerce Commission approved a power procurement plan for the state that requires utilities to purchase all of the electricity generated at the FutureGen 2.0 facility for 20 years. This was a major green light for the FutureGen project as it requires Commonwealth Edison (ComEd) and Ameren Illinois to purchase all 166 MW of gross electricity generated annually at the $1.65 billion facility beginning in 2017, when the project is due to start.
Secretary Chu announced a revised FutureGen 2.0 on August 5, 2010. Instead of building a 275 MW IGCC plant, the FutureGen Alliance will repower Ameren’s 200 megawatt Unit 4 in Meredosia, Illinois with advanced oxy-combustion technology. The original location for FutureGen (Mattoon, Coles County, Illinois) would have become a storage only site in the new FutureGen 2.0, except Coles County withdrew from the FutureGen Alliance August 13, 2010. In December 2011 the characterization well was completed and the geology proved favorable to CO2 storage.
The FutureGen 30 mile underground pipeline to bring the CO2 from the power plant to the injection site, was approved on February 2014.
Project Links: FutureGen Alliance website
Other Sources and Press Releases:
EPA issues draft permits for carbon sequestration (April 2014)
Pipeline approved for FutureGen CCS Project (February 2014)
FutureGen: A Brief History and Issues for Congress (April 2013)
B&W Begins Front-End Engineering and Design Work for FutureGen 2.0 Carbon Capture Project (October 2013)
B&W TAKING ‘PHASE BY PHASE’ APPROACH TO FUTUREGEN, OFFICIAL SAYS(June 2013)
Congressional Research Service: FutureGen: A Brief History and Issues for Congress (April 2013)
FutureGen alliance fights back, releases CO2 pipeline route (March 2013)
B&W Signs Contract to Begin Second Phase of FutureGen 2.0 Carbon Capture Project (March 2013)
Carbon Capture and Storage FutureGen 2.0 Project Moves Forward Into Second Phase (February 2013)
IL. Regulators approve 20 year power contract for FutureGen (December 2012)
FutureGen completes CCS test storage well in Illinois (December 2011)
Ameren Said to Be in Talks to Hand Over Carbon-Capture Project (November 2011)
FutureGen still has legislative hurdles to face (April 2011)
FutureGen selects Morgan County storage site (February 2011)
6 bids received for FutureGen site (November 2010)
FutureGen seeks towns with suitable storage potential (October 2010)
Air Liquide to participate with FutureGen (October 2010)
DOE formally commits $1billion to FutureGen (September 2010)
NETL discusses FutureGen's next steps (August 2010)
FutureGen's capture location, Mattoon IL, pulls out (August 2010)
Secretary Chu announces FutureGen 2.0 (August 2010)
Date Modified May 27, 2014